A brief summary:Mr Kay tries to define what Philosophy explaining what a group of Philosophers of Philosophy of Religion wrote. Mr Kay illustrates his analysis with the fab four of Philosophy of Religion: Renee Descartes, Thomas Aquinas, Immanuel Kant and David Hume.
In the topic Existence of God, arguments to prove existence of God are given by the Mathematician & Philosopher Renee Descartes, the Theologian and Philosopher Thomas Aquinas and the Philosopher Immanuel Kant.
Mr Kay also shows, in stark contrast, the ideas of those who challenge the belief in good, Atheists like David Hume, a Philosopher and Historian, who questioned the reliability of miracles and religions. Thomas Aquinas returns to other topic, Evil and Suffering, where he defends the idea of God (establishing a "theodicy") from Agnostics and Atheists attacks as they argue it is impossible to believe in an existence of God sine human existence is surrounded by suffering, injustice & chaos (see Schopenhauer & Nietzsche). This duet is highly influential but unfortunately are not in the syllabus! The "four fab" varies according to syllabus!).
Dear collaborators, carry on reading, researching and pondering about the topics. Your questions and findings are welcome. Enjoy Philosophy!